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Jaisalmer - The Golden City

Hi friends,

After continuous post on Kripa Ram Ji, now its time for some change.

Today I want to talk with you about a famous city, named Jaisalmer with some beautiful pictures of city and also the famous and attractive destinations of the city.So Lets start......

Jaisalmer :-


Jaysalmer nicknamed "The Golden City", is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located 575 kilometres (357 mi) west from the state capital Jaipur. It was once known as Jaisalmer state. The town stands on a ridge of yellowish sandstone, crowned by a fort, which contains the palace and several ornate Jain temples. Many of the houses and temples are finely sculptured. It lies in the heart of the Thar Desert and has a population of about 78,000.


Jaisalmer is named after its founder Rao Jaisal Yadav king. "Jaisalmer" means "the Hill Fort of Jaisal". Jaisalmer is sometimes called the "Golden City of India" because the yellow sand gives a yellowish-golden tinge to the city and its surrounding area.


History of Jaisalmer :-



The majority of the inhabitants of Jaisalmer are Bhatti Rajputs, named for Bhatti, who was renowned as a warrior. This area was part of Gurjar - Pratihara empire and until the 11th century was ruled by a powerful Bargujar King. Deoraj, a famous prince of the Bhati family, is esteemed the real founder of the Jaisalmer dynasty, and with him the title of rawal commenced. In 1156 Rawal Jaisal, the sixth in succession from Deoraj, founded the fort and city of Jaisalmer, and made it his capital as he moved from his former capital at Lodhruva(which is situated about 15 km to the north-west of Jaisalmer). In 1293, the Bhattis so enraged the emperor Ala-ud-din Khilji that his army captured and sacked the fort and city of Jaisalmer, so that for some time it was quite deserted. Some Bhatti's migrated to Talwandi, now Nankana Sahib in Distt. Nankana Sahib (Punjab, Pakistan) and others settled in Larkana (in Sind, Pakistan)under the name of Bhutto. In Nankana Sahib, the Bhatti Clan can be traced from the lineage of Rai Bhoe and Rai Bular Bhatti. After this there is nothing to record until the time of Rawal Sahal Singh, whose reign marks an epoch in Bhatti history in that he acknowledged the supremacy of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The Jaisalmer princes had now arrived at the height of their power, but from this time till the accession of Rawal Mulraj in 1762 the fortunes of the state rapidly declined, and most of its outlying provinces were lost. In 1818 Mulraj entered into political relations with the British. Maharawal Salivahan, born in 1887, succeeded to the chiefship in 1891.
The Maharajas of Jaisalmer trace their lineage back to Jaitsimha, a ruler of the Bhatti Rajput clan. The major opponents of the Bhati Rajputs were the powerful Rathor clans of Jodhpur and Bikaner. They used to fight battles for the possession of fortswaterholes or cattle. Jaisalmer was positioned strategically and was a halting point along a traditional trade route traversed by the camel caravans of Indian and Asian merchants. The route linked India to Central Asia, EgyptArabiaPersiaAfrica and the West.

Transport :-
Jaisalmer is the terminus of a Broad gauge branch railway of Indian Railways, which joins with the main system at Jodhpur. The Palace on Wheels has a scheduled stop at Jaisalmer.

Visitors Attractions :-

Jaisalmer Fort Built in 1156 by the Bhati Rajput ruler Jaisal, Jaisalmer Fort is situated on Trikuta Hill and had been the scene of many battles. Its massive sandstone walls are a tawny lion colour during the day, turning to a magical honey-gold as the sun sets. The famous Indian film director Satyajit Raywrote a detective novel and later turned it into a film – Sonar Kella (The Golden Fortress) which was based on this fort. This is a living fort and about a quarter of city's population still live inside the fort. The main attractions inside the fort are: Raj Mahal (Royal palace), Jain temples and the Laxminath temple.

Jaisalmer Fort 






Havelis - The main havelis in Jaisalmer are:

  • Patwon-ki-Haveli: Guman Chand Patwa (and later by his five sons), a wealthy merchant belonging to powerful Oswal Jain community and banker who had over three hundred trading centres from Afghanistan to China. This ornate five-storey complex took fifty years to complete. This is the largest, the most magnificent, and the most elaborate of Jaisalmer havelis.
  • Salam Singh-ki-Haveli: It was built by the scheming Prime Minister Salam Singh in 1815. It has a beautifully arched roof capped with blue cupolas and carved brackets in the form ofpeacocks.
  • Nathmalji-ki-Haveli: Built by a Prime Minister of princely state of Jaisalmer. Its facade is a riot of ornamentation: flowers, birds, elephants, soldiers, a bicycle and even a steam engine.
  • Haveli Shreenath :haveli The Vyas family built this lovely haveli Shreenath Palace - Hotel in Jaisalmer in the 15 th Century, and descendants of this family live here today. Shreenath Palace - Hotel in Jaisalmer was once inhabited by the Prime Minister of Jaisalmer, and guest are invited to stay in these rooms – there are only five available for the hotel – and join the Vyas family in enjoying this architectural treasure, and feel like aMaharaja for a few days. Some of the doors and ceilings are wonderful examples of old carved wood from many hundreds of years ago. Some of the doors have brass or iron fittings.


Patwon ki Haveli


Salam Singh ki Haveli


Havelis



Gadsisar Lake - 

Gadsisar Lake Excavated in 1367 by Rawal Gadsi Singh, it is a scenic rainwater lake surrounded by small temples and shrines.

Gadsisar Lake



Jain Temples of Jaisalmer - 

Jaisalmer city has been enriched by its Jain community which has adorned the city with beautiful Jain temples most notably the temples dedicated to 16th Tirthankar Lord Shantinath and 23rd Tirthankar Lord Parshvanath. Jaisalmer boasts some of the oldest libraries of India which contain rarest of the manuscripts & artefacts of Jain tradition. There are many Jain pilgrimage centres around Jaisalmer like Lodarva, Amarsagar, Brahmsar and Pokharan.

Jain Temple


Some Beautiful Desert Pictures -

Desert pictures





Its Time to say bye for now. I will meet you soon with something new.

Rest for the Next.

Till then bye bye....have a nice weekend...take care and keep smiling....




Kripa Ram Khiriya - Rajia Ra Doha ( Part - 4 )

Hi friends......
Sorry for late post.Here is the next part of Rajia Ra Doha (couplets of Rajia).


9 केई नर बेकार,बड करतां कहताँ बळै |
राखै नही लगार,रांम तणौ डर राजिया ||

कई लोग किसी की कीर्ति करने अथवा कहने से व्यर्थ ही जलने लगते है | ऐसे ईर्ष्यालु व्यक्ति तो परमात्मा का भी किंचित भय नही रखते |
Many people just feel jealous by seeing someone's fame.Hey Rajia! These people even don't afraid of God.
10 चुगली ही सूं चून, और न गुण इण वास्तै |
खोस लिया बेखून,रीगल उठावे राजिया ||

जिन लोगो के पास चुगली करने के अलावा जीविकोपार्जन का अन्य कोई गुण नही होता,ऐसे लोग ठिठोलियाँ करते-करते ही निरपराध लोगो की रोजी रोटी छीन लेते है |
People who have no other work, just spend their time in gossiping.Hey Rajia! These people take away the Bread and Butter of innocent people. 
11 आछो मांन अभाव मतहीणा केई मिनख |
पुटियाँ कै ज्यूँ पाव , राखै ऊँचो राजिया ||

कई बुद्धिमान व्यक्तियों को सम्मान मिलने पर वे पचा नही पाते और उस अ-समाविष्ट स्थिति मे अभिमान के कारण पुटियापक्षी की तरह सदैव अपने पैर ऊपर (आकाश) की और किए रहते है
Many intelligent people after getting the respect can't able to digest it.Hey Rajia! Such kind of people never respect anyone else because of their own pride and igo.
12 गुण अवगुण जिण गांव, सुणै न कोई सांभळै |
उण नगरी विच नांव , रोही आछी राजिया ||

जहाँ गुण अवगुण का न तो भेद हो और न कोई सुनने वाला हो , ऐसी नगरी से तो,हे राजिया ! निर्जन वन ही अच्छा है |
A city where no one knows the difference between Attribute and Misconduct.Hey Rajia! An Uninhabited forest is much better than that city.

Love at First Flight
Alone